University of Colorado Health Sciences Center Advanced Reproductive Medicine

FOLIC ACID
MAY HELP PREVENT SOME BIRTH DEFECTS

The U.S. Public Health Service recently recommended that all women of childbearing years should consume 0.4 milligrams (sometimes called 400 micrograms) of folic acid every day to help prevent the occurrence of neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, in their babies. The recommendations cover all women of childbearing age because neural tube defects develop during the first month of pregnancy, often before a woman knows she has conceived.

Folic acid is found in many foods, including dark green leafy vegetables, fortified cereals, citrus fruits and juices, yeast breads and beans. However, fairly large amounts of these foods must be consumed to reach the 400 microgram recommendation. Therefore, multivitamins that contain at least 400 micrograms of folic acid or folic acid supplements are recommended.

Folic Acid Content of Common Foods and Over-The-Counter Vitamin Supplements
(micrograms = mg)

Breakfast Cereals
(1cup portion)
µg Other Foods µg Vitamin Supplements µg
Total 466 Chicken Liver 3oz after cooking 655 Safeway, 1/day 400
Total Raisin Bran 401 Beef liver 3oz after cooking 185 Safeway daily + iron 400
Product 19 400 Black-eyed peas canned, 2c 187 Stresstabs 600, 1/day 400
Grape Nuts 400 Sunflower seeds, raw, dried, 2c 164 One-A-Day Stressguard 400
All Bran 300 Black beans, canned, 2c 127 Geritol Complete 400
Bran Buds 300 White navy beans, canned, 2c 127 Centrum Advance Formula 400
Captain Crunch 227 Asparagus, cooked from fresh, 2c 121 One-A-Day Maximum Formula 400
Post Raisin Bran 200 Orange juice, ready to drink,
unsweetened, 8oz
109
Corn Bran 148 Wheat germ, ready to eat, 3c 99
Kellogg's Raisin Bran 133 Spinach, cooked fm fresh, 2c 97
King Vitamin 118 Turnip greens, cooked fm fresh, 2c 85
Brussel sprouts,cooked fm fresh, 2c 78


RECOMMENDED DIETARY REQUIREMENTS FOR WOMEN AGE 25 AND OLDER
PREGNANT WITH SINGLETON AND MULTIFETAL PREGNANCY

Nutrient Singleton
Pregnancy
Twin/Triplet
Pregnancy
Dietary Sources
Folic Acid 400 µg 800 µg Leafy vegetables, liver
Vitamin D 10 µg 15 µg Fortified dairy products
Iron 30 mg 50 mg Meats, eggs, grains
Calcium 1200 mg 1800 mg Dairy products
Phosphorus 1200 mg 1800 mg Meats
Pyridoxine 2.2 mg 4.0 mg Meats, liver, grains
Thiamin 1.5 mg 3.0 mg Enriched grains, pork
Zinc 15 mg 30 mg Meats, seafood, eggs
Riboflavin 1.6 mg 3.0 mg Meats, liver, grains
Protein 60 mg 120 mg Meats, fish, poultry, dairy
Iodine 175 µg 300 µg Iodized salt, seafood
Vitamin C 70 mg 150 mg Citrus fruits, tomatoes
Energy 2500 Kcal 3000 Kcal Protein, fat, carbohydrate
Magnesium 320 mg 450 mg Seafood, legumes, grains
Niacin 17 mg 25 mg Meats, nuts, legumes
Vitamin B-12 2.2 µg 3.0 µg Animal proteins
Vitamin A 800 µg 1000 µg Dark green, yellow or orange
fruits and vegetables, liver


University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Advanced Reproductive Medicine

Fitzsimons Office
Location: 1635 N. Ursula, Aurora, CO 80010
Mailing: PO Box 6510, Mail Stop F701, Aurora, CO 80045
Tel: 720.848.1690
Toll-free: 1.888.899.7441
Fax: 720.848.1678
Colorado Springs Office
8890 N Union Blvd., Suite 185
Colorado Springs, CO 80920
Tel: 719.314.3333
Fax: 719.314.3344

Detailed Directions to Our Offices